There are many causes of hyperpigmentation (dyschromias) and uneven skin tone as well as different depths of damage to the skin. These types of changes in the skin occur when melanocytes are either destroyed, resulting in hypopigmentation, or over-stimulated, resulting in hyperpigmentation.
Types of Pigment Changes Include
Hyperpigmentation – darkened pigment
Hypopigmentation – no melanin
Demarcation – uneven pigmentation from procedures, picking or scratching
Melasma– more dense larger patches
These types of changes in the skin occur when melanocytes are either destroyed, resulting in hypopigmentation or overstimulated, resulting in hyperpigmentation
Three Types of Hyperpigmentation
Epidermal – Surface is light brown and not quite as dense
Dermal – Skin is deep brown, ashen-gray and appears more solid
Mixture – Both levels are usually dark brown
Causes of Hyperpigmentation May Include
|PIH (Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation)
Birth Control Pills
Long-Term Sun Exposure
Certain Prescription Medications
Trauma to Skin
Perfumes Sprayed on Sun-Exposed Areas
Two main factors that affect hyperpigmentation are the sun and heat! So, wear an SPF during the day and stay COOL! Beware of overuse of products that contain hydroquinone. This ingredient is in many over-the-counter lightening products and has many controversies associated with it. Your skin is very smart and may develop resistance, or immunity and can even become darker with continued use of hydroquinone.
One thing to keep in mind with most pigmentation is our melanocytes are there for protection of the cell initially. We need this in order to help fight against the impact of UV rays. However, after that protection process has taken place you are now left with underlying damage and we see this in the form of pigmentation.
RA Pigmentation Solutions Peel is a progressive-plus to mid-depth peel designed to begin cellular turnover, strengthen skin and reduce pigmentation. With just the right balance of TCA, sake and potent melanin suppressors, skin will be left toned and refined for a luminous complexion.
In addition, Pigmentation Solutions also offers a Corrective Facial to lighten and brighten skin tone, reduce inflammation and protect from free radical damage. With our pigment-reduction enzyme, skin is treated to a unique blend of brightening nutrients. The rich, nourishing support of grape seed extract and milk protein support the skin’s balance while providing much needed antioxidants and hydration.
Rhonda Allison Skin Brightening Systems are designed for all skin types and provide a variety of choices to customize for specific needs to even skin tone and reduce hyperpigmentation. Using the science of chirality and superior brightening ingredients such as kojic acid, arbutin, daisy flower, ascorbic acid, azelaic acid and potassium azeloyl diglycinatge, our brightening systems use some of the most advanced formulations on the market today.
Through extensive research and product development, Rhonda Allison has created an expert brightening line that addresses the four critical factors in eliminating, reducing, and managing hyperpigmentation: surface exfoliation, cellular suppression of melanin, surface skin bleaching/brightening, and cell rejuvenation and protection. One combination we love to pair together is our Grape Seed Hydrating Serum with Blushed Wine Gel – for a powerful hydrating, firming and brightening support.
Click Here to see our product recommendations for Pigmentation skin.