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Pigmentation

There are many causes for hyperpigmentation (dyschromias) and uneven skin tone, and there are different depths of damage to the skin.  Types of pigment changes include: Hyperpigmentation – darkened pigment. Hypopigmentation – no melanin. Demarcation – uneven pigmentation from... More

There are many causes for hyperpigmentation (dyschromias) and uneven skin tone, and there are different depths of damage to the skin.  Types of pigment changes include:

  • Hyperpigmentation – darkened pigment.
  • Hypopigmentation – no melanin.
  • Demarcation – uneven pigmentation from procedures, picking or scratching
  • Melasma – more dense larger patches

These types of changes in the skin occur when melanocytes are either destroyed, resulting in hypopigmentation, or over-stimulated, resulting in hyperpigmentation.

When examining the skin, three types of hyperpigmentation will present itself:

  • Epidermal – Surface is light brown and not quite as dense.
  • Dermal – Skin is deep brown, ashen-gray and appears more solid.
  • Mixture – Both levels are usually dark brown.
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